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Government type: Communist state
Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida.
Area: 110,860 sq km
Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October).
Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast.
Population: 11,394,043 (July 2007 est.)
Ethnic groups: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Religions: nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to Castro assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented
Languages: Spanish (official)