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Government type: federal republic
Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana.
Area: land: 882,050 sq km
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Terrain: Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast.
Population: 26,023,528 (July 2007 est.)
Ethnic groups: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Mennonite and other Protestant 10%
Languages: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects.